SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
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TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
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Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ◻
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ◻
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes
As of June 30, 2020, the aggregate market value of Dawson Geophysical Company common stock, par value $0.01 per share, held by non-affiliates (based upon the closing transaction price on Nasdaq) was approximately $
On March 11, 2021, there were
As used in this report, the terms “we,” “our,” “us,” “Dawson” and the “Company” refer to Dawson Geophysical Company unless the context indicates otherwise.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for its 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DAWSON GEOPHYSICAL COMPANY
For the Year Ended December 31, 2020
DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-K that relate to forecasts, estimates or other expectations regarding future events, including without limitation, statements under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business” regarding technological advancements and our financial position, business strategy, and plans and objectives of our management for future operations, may be deemed to be forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). When used in this Form 10-K, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend” and similar expressions, as they relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of our management, as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to management. Actual results could differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors. These risks include, but are not limited to, dependence upon energy industry spending; changes in exploration and production spending by our customers and changes in the level of oil and natural gas exploration and development; the results of operations and financial condition of our customers, particularly during extended periods of low prices for crude oil and natural gas; the volatility of oil and natural gas prices; changes in economic conditions; the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, related economic repercussions and the resulting negative impact on demand for oil and gas; the current significant surplus in the supply of oil and the ability of OPEC+ to agree on and comply with supply limitations; the duration and magnitude of the unprecedented disruption in the oil and gas industry currently resulting from the impact of the foregoing factors, which is negatively impacting our business; the potential for contract delays; reductions or cancellations of service contracts; limited number of customers; credit risk related to our customers; reduced utilization; high fixed costs of operations and high capital requirements; operational challenges relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to mitigate the spread of the virus, including logistical challenges, protecting the health and well-being of our employees and remote work arrangements; industry competition; external factors affecting the Company’s crews such as weather interruptions and inability to obtain land access rights of way; whether the Company enters into turnkey or day rate contracts; crew productivity; the availability of capital resources; and disruptions in the global economy. The cautionary statements made in this Form 10-K should be read as applying to all related forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this Form 10-K. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this paragraph. The Company disclaims any intention or obligation to revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Item 1. BUSINESS
Dawson Geophysical Company, a Texas corporation (the “Company”), is a leading provider of North American onshore seismic data acquisition services with operations throughout the continental United States (“U.S.”) and Canada. We acquire and process 2-D, 3-D and multi-component seismic data for our clients, ranging from major oil and gas companies to independent oil and gas operators as well as providers of multi-client data libraries. Our principal business office is located at 508 West Wall, Suite 800, Midland, Texas 79701 (Telephone: 432-684-3000), and our internet address is www.dawson3d.com. We make available free of charge on our website our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K as soon as reasonably practicable after filing or furnishing such information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
Except as otherwise specifically noted herein, references herein to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to Dawson Geophysical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.
We provide our seismic data acquisition services primarily to providers of multi-client data libraries for use in the onshore drilling and production of oil and natural gas in the continental U.S. and Canada, as well as directly to onshore oil and natural gas exploration and development companies. The main factors influencing demand for seismic data acquisition services in our industry are the level of drilling and completion activity by oil and natural gas companies and the size of such companies’ exploration and development budgets, which, in turn, depend largely on current and anticipated future crude oil and natural gas prices and production levels and depletion rates of the companies’ oil and natural gas reserves.
Our seismic data acquisition crews supply seismic data primarily to companies engaged in the exploration and development of oil and natural gas on land and in land-to-water transition areas. Seismic acquisition services of our wholly-owned subsidiary, Eagle Canada Seismic Services ULC (“Eagle Canada”), are also used by the potash mining industry in Canada, and Eagle Canada has particular expertise through its heliportable capabilities. Our clients rely on seismic data to identify areas where subsurface conditions are favorable for the accumulation of existing hydrocarbons, to optimize the development and production of hydrocarbon reservoirs, to better delineate existing oil and natural gas fields, and to augment reservoir management techniques. In addition, seismic data are sometimes utilized in unconventional reservoirs to identify geo-hazards (such as subsurface faults) for drilling purposes, aid in geo-steering of a horizontal well bore and rock property identification for high grading of well locations and hydraulic fracturing. The majority of our current activity is in areas of unconventional reservoirs.
We acquire geophysical data using the latest in 3-D seismic survey techniques. We introduce acoustic energy into the ground by using vibration equipment or dynamite detonation, depending on the surface terrain, area of operation, and subsurface requirements. The reflected energy, or echoes, are received through geophones, converted into a digital signal at a single or multi-channel recording unit, and then transmitted to a central recording vehicle. Subsurface requirements dictate the number of channels necessary to perform our services. We generally use tens of thousands of recording channels in our 3-D seismic surveys with the largest crew consisting of 50,000 recording and dozens of energy source units. We are capable of deploying multiple crews equipped with this technology on multiple projects simultaneously. Additional recording channels enhance the resolution of the seismic survey through increased imaging analysis and provide improved operational efficiencies for our clients. With our state-of-the-art seismic equipment, including computer technology and multiple channels, we acquire, on an efficient basis, immense volumes of seismic data that, when processed and interpreted, produce precise images of the earth’s subsurface. Our clients then use our seismic data to generate 3-D geologic models that help reduce drilling risks, finding and development costs, and improve recovery rates from existing fields.
In addition to conventional 2-D and 3-D seismic surveys, we provide what the industry refers to as multi-component seismic data surveys. Multi-component surveys involve the recording of alternative seismic waves known as shear waves. Shear waves can be recorded as wave conversion of conventional energy sources (3-C converted waves) or from horizontal vibrator energy source units (shear wave vibrators). Multi-component data are utilized in further analysis of subsurface rock type, fabric and reservoir characterization. We own equipment required for onshore multi-component surveys. The majority of the projects in Canada require multi-component recording equipment. We have operated one to two multi-component equipped crews in the U.S. periodically over the past few years. The use of
multi-component seismic data could increase in North America over the next few years if industry conditions improve and potentially require capital expenditures for additional equipment.
In recent years, we have begun providing surface recorded microseismic services utilizing equipment we own. Microseismic monitoring is used by clients who use hydraulic fracturing to extract hydrocarbon deposits to monitor their hydraulic fracturing operations.
We market and supplement our services in the continental U.S. from our headquarters in Midland, Texas and from additional offices in two other cities in Texas (Houston and Plano) as well as one additional state, Oklahoma (Oklahoma City). In addition, we market and supplement our services in Canada from our facilities in Calgary, Alberta.
Technological advances in seismic equipment and computing allow the seismic industry to acquire and process, on an efficient basis, immense volumes of seismic data which produce precise images of the earth’s subsurface. The latest accepted method of seismic data acquisition, processing, and the subsequent interpretation of the processed data is the 3-D seismic method. Geophysicists use computer workstations to interpret 3-D data volumes, identify subsurface anomalies, and generate a geologic model of subsurface features. In contrast with the 3-D method, the 2-D method involves the collection of seismic data in a linear fashion, thus generating a single plane of subsurface seismic data. Over recent years, the size of our surveys and density of recording channels and vibrator energy source units has increased resulting in an increase in required recording channels and energy source units to perform such surveys. The trend for our industry has been a shift to fewer, larger channel count crews operating with an increase in the number of energy source units. We do operate smaller crews from time to time depending on the requirements of the specific project.
3-D seismic data are used in the exploration and development of new reserves and enable oil and natural gas companies to better delineate existing fields and to augment their reservoir management techniques. Benefits of incorporating high resolution 3-D seismic surveys into exploration and development programs include reducing drilling risk, decreasing oil and natural gas finding costs, and increasing the efficiencies of reservoir location, delineation, and management. In order to meet the requirements necessary to fully realize the benefits of 3-D seismic data, there is an increasing demand for improved data quality with greater subsurface resolution with increased density of recording channels and vibrator energy source units.
Currently, the North American seismic data acquisition industry includes a number of primary competitors which includes us, SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (“SAE”), Echo Seismic Ltd. (“ECHO”), Breckenridge Geophysical Inc. (“Breckenridge”), and Paragon Geophysical Services, Inc. (“Paragon”), along with other smaller companies which generally run one or two small channel count seismic crews and often specialize in specific regions or types of operations.
Equipment and Crews
In recent years, we have experienced continued increases in recording channel capacity and vibrator energy source units on a per crew or project basis. This increase in channel count and energy source unit demand is driven by client needs and is necessary in order to produce higher resolution images, increase crew efficiencies and undertake larger scale projects. Due to the increase in demand for higher channel counts, we continued in recent years to make investments in additional channels. In response to project-based channel requirements, we routinely deploy a variable number of channels on a variable number of crews in an effort to maximize asset utilization and meet client needs. While the number of recording systems we own may exceed the number utilized in the field at any given time, we maintain the excess equipment to provide additional operational flexibility and to allow us to quickly deploy additional recording channels and energy source units as needed to respond to client demand and desire for improved data quality with greater subsurface images. We believe we will realize the benefit of increased channel counts and flexibility of deployment through increased crew efficiencies, higher revenues and margins with improved conditions.
In recent years, we have purchased or leased a significant number of cableless recording channels. We utilize this equipment primarily as stand-alone recording systems. As a result of the introduction of cableless recording systems, we have realized increased crew efficiencies and increased channels on projects using this equipment. We believe we will experience continued demand for cableless recording systems and increased channel count in the future.
As of December 31, 2020, we operate 116 vibrator energy source units and approximately 275,000 recording channels. The recording channels consist of 102,000 single-channel GSR/GSX boxes, 150,000 channels of GSR Multi-channel boxes and a 24,000 channel INOVA Hawk System. Each crew consists of approximately 40 to 100 technicians with associated vehicles, geophones, a seismic recording system, energy sources, cables, and a variety of other equipment. The GSR/GSX and INOVA Hawk crews utilize a recorder to manage the data acquisition while the individual system captures and holds the data until they are placed in the Data Transfer Module. The data is then transferred to various data storage media, which are delivered to a data processing center selected by the client.
Equipment Acquisition and Capital Expenditures
We monitor and evaluate advances in geophysical technology and commit capital funds to purchase the equipment we deem most effective to maintain our competitive position. Purchasing and updating seismic equipment and technology involves a commitment to capital spending. We also tie our capital expenditures closely to demand for our services. Beginning in 2014, we adopted a maintenance capital expenditures program due to the belief that our equipment base was sufficient to meet current demand; however, our Board of Directors may increase the capital budget in response to strategic opportunities to acquire seismic recording equipment. Our Board of Directors approved a maintenance capital expenditure budget of $5,000,000 for 2020 of which we utilized $2,786,000 during the 12 months ended December 31, 2020. Our Board of Directors has approved an initial maintenance capital expenditure budget of $1,000,000 for 2021.
Our services are marketed by supervisory and executive personnel who contact clients to determine geophysical needs and respond to client inquiries regarding the availability of crews or processing schedules. These contacts are based principally upon professional relationships developed over a number of years.
Our clients range from major oil and gas companies to small independent oil and gas operators and also providers of multi-client data libraries. The services we provide to our clients vary according to the size and needs of each client. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, sales to three clients represented approximately 69% of our revenues. We anticipate that sales to these clients will represent a smaller percentage of our overall revenues during 2021. The remaining balance of our revenues were derived from varied clients and none represented 10% or more of our revenues.
We historically have not acquired seismic data for our own account or for future sale, maintain multi-client seismic data libraries, or participate in oil and gas ventures. The results of seismic surveys conducted for a client belong to that client. It is also our policy that none of our officers, directors or employees actively participate in oil and natural gas ventures. All of our clients’ information is maintained in the strictest confidence.
Domestic and Foreign Operations
We derive our revenue from domestic and foreign sources.
Refer to “Note 15, Areas of Operation” to the Consolidated Financial Statements incorporated by reference herein for additional details.
Our contracts are obtained either through competitive bidding or as a result of client negotiations. Our services are conducted under general service agreements for seismic data acquisition services which define certain obligations for us and for our clients. A supplemental agreement setting forth the terms of a specific project, which may be canceled by either party on short notice, is entered into for every project. We currently operate under supplemental agreements that are either “turnkey” agreements providing for a fixed fee to be paid to us for each unit of data acquired or “term” agreements providing for a fixed hourly, daily, or monthly fee during the term of the project or projects.
Currently, as in recent years, most of our projects are operated under turnkey agreements. Turnkey agreements generally provide us more profit potential, but involve more risks because of the potential of crew downtime or operational delays. We attempt to negotiate on a project-by-project basis some level of weather downtime protection within the turnkey agreements. Under the term agreements, we forego an increased profit potential in exchange for a more consistent revenue stream with improved protection from crew downtime or operational delays.
The acquisition of seismic data for the oil and natural gas industry is a highly competitive business. Contracts for such services generally are awarded on the basis of price quotations, crew experience, and the availability of crews to perform in a timely manner, although factors other than price, such as crew safety, performance history, and technological and operational expertise, are often determinative. Our primary competition includes SAE, ECHO, Breckenridge, and Paragon. In addition to these previously named companies, we also compete for projects from time to time with smaller seismic companies which operate in local markets with only one or two small channel count crews. Further, the barriers to entry in the seismic industry are substantial but not prohibitive. The recent increase in channel count and number of energy source units required for larger projects makes it more costly and timely for new seismic companies or those outside of the U.S. to enter the domestic market and compete with us.
As of December 31, 2020, we employed 219 full-time employees, of which 53 consisted of management, sales, and administrative personnel with the remainder being crew and crew support personnel. Our employees are not represented by a labor union. We believe we have good relations with our employees.
See “Item 2. Properties” for a description of the material properties utilized in our business.
Item 1A. RISK FACTORS
An investment in our common stock is subject to a number of risks, including those discussed below. You should carefully consider these discussions of risk and the other information included in this Form 10-K. These risk factors could affect our actual results and should be considered carefully when evaluating us. Although the risks described below are the risks that we believe are material, they are not the only risks relating to our business, our industry and our common stock. Additional risks and uncertainties, including those that are not yet identified or that we currently believe are immaterial, may also adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. If any of the events described below occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected.
Current macroeconomic conditions, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, have had, and are expected to continue to have, a significant impact on oil and gas commodity prices and, therefore, demand for our services and, depending on the duration and severity, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Oil demand has significantly deteriorated as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and corresponding preventative measures taken around the world to contain its spread and mitigate its public health effects. Significant factors which are likely to affect commodity prices in future periods include, but are not limited to, the extent and duration of travel and work restrictions worldwide; the effect of U.S. energy, monetary and trade policies; U.S. and global economic and political conditions and developments; energy and environmental policies; operating curtailment of the U.S. oil and gas industry; and the severity and duration of the COVID-19 outbreaks, which together have created future uncertainty for the demand and pricing for services, equipment, and raw materials in the petroleum industry.
We face various risks related to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and any future health epidemics, pandemics and similar outbreaks, which may have material adverse effects on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our business and financial results may be negatively impacted by health epidemics, pandemics and similar outbreaks. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the measures and mandates to try to contain its spread and mitigate its public health effects, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter in place orders, and shutdowns, have impacted and are expected to continue to impact our workforce and operations, the operations of our customers, and those of our vendors and suppliers. There is considerable uncertainty regarding the duration and severity of such measures and potential future measures, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Despite our ongoing efforts to manage these impacts, their ultimate effect on us depends on factors beyond our knowledge or control. And any future health epidemics, pandemics or similar outbreaks could also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
We derive substantially all of our revenues from providers of multi-client data libraries and companies in the oil and natural gas exploration and development industry. The oil and natural gas industry is a historically cyclical industry with levels of activity that are significantly affected by the levels and volatility of oil and natural gas prices.
Demand for our services depends upon the level of expenditures by oil and natural gas companies for exploration, production, development and field management activities, which depend primarily on oil and natural gas prices. Significant fluctuations in domestic oil and natural gas exploration activities and commodity prices have affected, and will continue to affect, demand for our services and our results of operations. We could be adversely impacted if the level of such exploration activities and the prices for oil and natural gas were to significantly decline in the future. In addition to the market prices of oil and natural gas, the willingness of our clients to explore, develop and produce depends largely upon prevailing industry conditions that are influenced by numerous factors over which our management has no control, including general economic conditions and the availability of credit. Any prolonged reduction in the overall level of exploration and development activities, whether resulting from changes in oil and natural gas prices or otherwise, could adversely impact us in many ways by negatively affecting:
|●||our revenues, cash flows, and profitability;|
|●||our ability to maintain or increase our borrowing capacity;|
|●||our ability to obtain additional capital to finance our business and the cost of that capital; and|
|●||our ability to attract and retain skilled personnel whom we would need in the event of an upturn in the demand for our services.|
Worldwide political, economic, and military events have contributed to oil and natural gas price volatility and are likely to continue to do so in the future. Depending on the market prices of oil and natural gas, oil and natural gas exploration and development companies may cancel or curtail their capital expenditure and drilling programs, thereby reducing demand for our services, or may become unable to pay, or have to delay payment of, amounts owed to us for our services. Oil and natural gas prices have been highly volatile historically and, we believe, will continue to be so in the future. Many factors beyond our control affect oil and natural gas prices, including:
|●||the cost of exploring for, producing, and delivering oil and natural gas;|
|●||the discovery rate of new oil and natural gas reserves;|
|●||the rate of decline of existing and new oil and natural gas reserves;|
|●||available pipeline and other oil and natural gas transportation capacity;|
|●||the ability of oil and natural gas companies to raise capital and debt financing;|
|●||actions by OPEC (the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries);|
|●||political instability in the Middle East and other major oil and natural gas producing regions;|
|●||economic conditions in the U.S. and elsewhere;|
|●||domestic and foreign tax policy;|
|●||domestic and foreign energy policy including increased emphasis on alternative sources of energy;|
|●||weather conditions in the U.S., Canada and elsewhere;|
|●||the pace adopted by foreign governments for the exploration, development, and production of their national reserves;|
|●||the price of foreign imports of oil and natural gas; and|
|●||the overall supply and demand for oil and natural gas.|
A limited number of clients operating in a single industry account for a significant portion of our revenues, and the loss of one of these clients could adversely affect our results of operations.
We derive a significant amount of our revenues from a relatively small number of oil and gas exploration and development companies and providers of multi-client data libraries. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, our three largest clients accounted for approximately 69% of our revenues. If these clients, or any of our other significant clients, were to terminate their contracts or fail to contract for our services in the future because they are acquired, alter their exploration or development strategy, experience financial difficulties or for any other reason, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our clients could delay, reduce or cancel their service contracts with us on short notice, which may lead to lower than expected demand and revenues.
Our order book reflects client commitments at levels we believe are sufficient to maintain operations on our existing crews for the indicated periods. However, our clients can delay, reduce or cancel their service contracts with us on short notice. If the oil and natural gas industry incurs a downturn, it may result in an increase in delays, reductions or cancellations by our clients. In addition, the timing of the origination and completion of projects and when projects are awarded and contracted for is also uncertain. As a result, our order book as of any particular date may not be indicative of actual demand and revenues for any succeeding period.
Our revenues, operating results and cash flows can be expected to fluctuate from period to period.
Our revenues, operating results and cash flows may fluctuate from period to period. These fluctuations are attributable to the level of new business in a particular period, the timing of the initiation, progress or cancellation of significant projects, higher revenues and expenses on our dynamite contracts, and costs we incur to train new crews we may add in the future to meet increased client demand. Fluctuations in our operating results may also be affected by other factors that are outside of our control such as permit delays, weather delays and crew productivity. Oil and natural gas prices have continued to be volatile and have resulted in significant demand fluctuations for our services. There can be no assurance of future oil and gas price levels or stability. Our operations in Canada are also seasonal as a result of the thawing season and we have historically experienced limited Canadian activity during the second and third quarters of each year. The demand for our services would be adversely affected by a significant reduction in oil and natural gas prices and by climate change legislation or material changes to U.S. energy policy. Because our business has high fixed costs, the negative effect of one or more of these factors could trigger wide variations in our operating revenues, cash flows, EBITDA, margin, and profitability from quarter-to-quarter, rendering quarter-to-quarter comparisons unreliable as an indicator of performance. Due to the factors discussed above, you should not expect sequential growth in our quarterly revenues and profitability.
We extend credit to our clients without requiring collateral, and a default by a client could have a material adverse effect on our operating revenues.
We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our clients’ financial conditions and, generally, require no collateral from our clients. It is possible that one or more of our clients will become financially distressed, especially in light of the recent downturn in the oil and natural gas industry and fluctuations in commodity prices, which could cause them to default on their obligations to us and could reduce the client’s future need for seismic services provided by us. Our concentration of clients may also increase our overall exposure to these credit risks. A default in payment from one of our large clients could have a material adverse effect on our operating results for the period involved.
We incur losses.
We incurred net losses of $13,196,000 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 and $15,213,000 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2019.
Our ability to be profitable in the future will depend on many factors beyond our control, but primarily on the level of demand for land-based seismic data acquisition services by oil and natural gas exploration and development companies. Even if we do achieve profitability, we may not be able to sustain or increase profitability on a quarterly or annual basis.
The high fixed costs of our operations could result in continuing or increasing operating losses.
Companies within our industry are typically subject to high fixed costs which consist primarily of depreciation (a non-cash item) and maintenance expenses associated with seismic data acquisition and equipment and crew costs. In addition, ongoing maintenance capital expenditures, as well as new equipment investment, can be significant. As a result, any extended periods of significant downtime or low productivity caused by reduced demand, weather interruptions, equipment failures, permit delays, or other causes could result in continuing or increasing operating losses.
We have indebtedness from time to time under credit facilities with a commercial bank, and certain of our accounts receivable and a restricted CDARS account are pledged as collateral for these obligations. Our ability to borrow may be limited if our accounts receivable decreases.
From time to time, we may have indebtedness under credit facilities with a commercial bank. We maintain a restricted CDARS account with our commercial bank which can be used as collateral against future borrowings. If we are unable to repay all secured borrowings when due, whether at maturity or if declared due and payable following a default, our lenders have the right to proceed against the deposit pledged to secure the indebtedness and may liquidate the CDARS account in order to repay those borrowings, which could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our ability to borrow funds under our revolving line of credit is tied to the value of our collateral account with our commercial bank as well as the amount of our eligible accounts receivable. If our accounts receivable decrease materially for any reason, including delays, reductions or cancellations by clients or decreased demand for our services, our ability to borrow to fund operations or other obligations may be limited.
Our financial results could be adversely affected by asset impairments.
We periodically review our portfolio of equipment and our intangible assets for impairment. Future events, including our financial performance, sustained decreases in oil and natural gas prices, reduced demand for our services, our market valuation or the market valuation of comparable companies, loss of a significant client’s business, or strategic decisions, could cause us to conclude that impairment indicators exist and ultimately that the asset values associated with our equipment or our intangibles were to be impaired. If we were to impair our equipment or intangibles, these non-cash asset impairments could negatively affect our financial results in a material manner in the period in which they are recorded, and the larger the amount of any impairment that may be taken, the greater the impact such impairment may have on our financial results.
Our profitability is determined, in part, by the utilization level and productivity of our crews and is affected by numerous external factors that are beyond our control.
Our revenues are determined, in part, by the contract price we receive for our services, the level of utilization of our data acquisition crews and the productivity of these crews. Crew utilization and productivity is partly a function of external factors, such as client cancellation or delay of projects, operating delays from inclement weather, obtaining land access rights and other factors, over which we have no control. If our crews encounter operational difficulties or delays on any data acquisition survey, our results of operations may vary, and in some cases, may be adversely affected.
In recent years, most of our projects have been performed on a turnkey basis for which we were paid a fixed price for a defined scope of work or unit of data acquired. The revenue, cost and gross profit realized under our turnkey contracts can vary from our estimates because of changes in job conditions, variations in labor and equipment productivity or because of the performance of our subcontractors. Turnkey contracts may also cause us to bear substantially all of the risks of business interruption caused by external factors over which we may have no control, such as weather, obtaining land access rights, crew downtime or operational delays. These variations, delays and risks inherent in turnkey contracts may result in reducing our profitability.
We face intense competition in our business, which could result in downward pricing pressure and the loss of market share.
The seismic data acquisition services industry is a highly competitive business in the continental U.S. and Canada. Additionally, the seismic data acquisition business is extremely price competitive and has a history of periods in which seismic contractors bid jobs below cost and, therefore, adversely affected industry pricing. Many contracts are awarded on a bid basis, which may further increase competition based primarily on price. Further, the barriers to entry in the seismic industry are substantial but not prohibitive. The recent increase in channel count and number of energy source units required for larger projects makes it more costly and timely for new seismic companies or those outside of the U.S. to enter the domestic market and compete with us.
Inclement weather may adversely affect our ability to complete projects and could, therefore, adversely affect our results of operations.
Our seismic data acquisition operations could be adversely affected by inclement weather conditions. Delays associated with weather conditions could adversely affect our results of operations. For example, weather delays could affect our operations on a particular project or an entire region and could lengthen the time to complete data acquisition projects. In addition, even if we negotiate weather protection provisions in our contracts, we may not be fully compensated by our clients for delays caused by inclement weather. As evidenced by the recent statewide winter storm in Texas in February 2021, the ability of our crews to operate could be impacted by weather conditions for extended periods, particularly if widespread power or water outages persist. While this event did not materially impact our operations for an extended period, similar events could create circumstances that have a material adverse effect on our operating results for the period involved.
Our operations are subject to delays related to obtaining land access rights of way from third parties, which could affect our results of operations.
Our seismic data acquisition operations could be adversely affected by our inability to obtain timely right of way usage from both public and private land and/or mineral owners. We cannot begin surveys on property without obtaining permits from governmental entities as well as the permission of the private landowners who own the land being surveyed. In recent years, it has become more difficult, costly and time-consuming to obtain access rights of way as drilling activities have expanded into more populated areas. Additionally, while landowners generally are cooperative in granting access rights, some have become more resistant to seismic and drilling activities occurring on their property. In addition, governmental entities do not always grant permits within the time periods expected. Delays associated with obtaining such rights of way could negatively affect our results of operations.
Capital requirements for our operations are large. If we are unable to finance these requirements, we may not be able to maintain our competitive advantage.
Seismic data acquisition and data processing technologies historically have progressed steadily, and we expect this trend to continue. In order to remain competitive, we must continue to invest additional capital to maintain, upgrade and expand our seismic data acquisition capabilities. Our working capital requirements remain high, primarily due to the expansion of our infrastructure in response to client demand for cableless recording systems and more recording channels, which has increased as the industry strives for improved data quality with greater subsurface resolution images. Our sources of working capital are limited. We have historically funded our working capital requirements primarily with cash generated from operations, cash reserves and, from time to time, borrowings from commercial banks. In recent years, we have funded some of our capital expenditures through equipment term loans and finance leases. In the past, we have also funded our capital expenditures and other financing needs through public equity offerings. If we were to expand our operations at a rate exceeding operating cash flow, if current demand or pricing of geophysical services were to decrease substantially, or if technical advances or competitive pressures required us to acquire new equipment faster than our cash flow could sustain, additional financing could be required. If we were not able to obtain such financing or renew our existing revolving line of credit when needed, it could have a negative impact on our ability to pursue expansion and maintain our competitive advantage.
Technological change in our business creates risks of technological obsolescence and requirements for future capital expenditures. If we are unable to keep up with these technological advances, we may not be able to compete effectively.
Seismic data acquisition technologies historically have steadily improved and progressed, and we expect this progression to continue. We are in a capital-intensive industry and, in order to remain competitive, we must continue to invest additional capital to maintain, upgrade and expand our seismic data acquisition capabilities. However, we may have limitations on our ability to obtain the financing necessary to enable us to purchase state-of-the-art equipment, and certain of our competitors may be able to purchase newer equipment when we may not be able to do so, thus affecting our ability to compete.
We rely on a limited number of key suppliers for specific seismic services and equipment.
We depend on a limited number of third parties to supply us with specific seismic services and equipment. From time to time, increased demand for seismic data acquisition services has decreased the available supply of new seismic equipment, resulting in extended delivery dates on orders of new equipment. Any delay in obtaining equipment could delay our deployment of additional crews and restrict the productivity of existing crews, adversely affecting our business and results of operations. In addition, any adverse change in the terms of our suppliers’ arrangements could affect our results of operations.
Some of our suppliers may also be our competitors. If competitive pressures were to become such that our suppliers would no longer sell to us, we would not be able to easily replace the technology with equipment that communicates effectively with our existing technology, thereby impairing our ability to conduct our business.
We are dependent on our management team and key employees, and inability to retain our current team or attract new employees could harm our business.
Our continued success depends upon attracting and retaining highly skilled professionals and other technical personnel. A number of our employees are highly skilled scientists and highly trained technicians. The loss, whether by death, departure or illness, of our senior executives or other key employees or our failure to continue to attract and retain skilled and technically knowledgeable personnel could adversely affect our ability to compete in the seismic services industry. We may experience significant competition for such personnel, particularly during periods of increased demand for seismic services. A limited number of our employees are under employment contracts, and we have no key man insurance.
We are subject to Canadian foreign currency exchange rate risk.
We conduct business in Canada which subjects us to foreign currency exchange rate risk. Currently, we do not hold or issue foreign currency forward contracts, option contracts or other derivative financial instruments to mitigate the currency exchange rate risk. Our results of operations and our cash flows could be impacted by changes in foreign currency exchange rates.
Our common stock has experienced, and may continue to experience, price volatility and low trading volume.
Our stock price is subject to significant volatility. Overall market conditions, including a decline in oil and natural gas prices and other risks and uncertainties described in this “Risk Factors” section and in our other filings with the SEC, could cause the market price of our common stock to fall. Our high and low sales prices of our common stock for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 were $2.93 and $0.84, respectively. Further, the high and low sales prices of our common stock for the twelve months ended December 31, 2019 were $4.28 and $1.90, respectively.
Our common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “DWSN.” However, daily trading volumes for our common stock are, and may continue to be, relatively small compared to many other publicly traded securities. For example, during 2020 our daily trading volume was as low as 2,200 shares. It may be difficult for you to sell your shares in the public market at any given time at prevailing prices, and the price of our common stock may, therefore, be volatile.
Our common stock traded below $5.00 per share for the past year, and when it trades below $5.00 per share it may be considered a low-priced stock and may be subject to regulations that limit or restrict the potential market for the stock.
Our common stock may be considered a low-priced stock pursuant to rules promulgated under the Exchange Act, if it continues to trade below a price of $5.00 per share. Under these rules, broker-dealers participating in transactions in low-priced securities must first deliver a risk disclosure document which describes the risks associated with such stock, the broker-dealer’s duties, the client’s rights and remedies, and certain market and other information, and make a suitability determination approving the client for low-priced stock transactions based on the client’s financial situation, investment experience and objectives. Broker-dealers must also disclose these restrictions in writing and provide monthly account statements to the client, and obtain specific written consent of the client. With these restrictions, the likely effect of designation as a low-price stock would be to decrease the willingness of broker-dealers to make a market for our common stock, to decrease the liquidity of the stock, and to increase the transaction costs of sales and purchases of such stocks compared to other securities. Our common stock traded below a price of $5.00 per share for the duration of 2020 and we cannot guarantee that our common stock will trade at a price greater than $5.00 per share.
We do not expect to pay cash dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future, and, therefore, only appreciation of the price of our common stock may provide a return to shareholders.
While there are currently no restrictions prohibiting us from paying cash dividends to our shareholders, our Board of Directors, after consideration of economic and market conditions affecting the energy industry in general, and the oilfield services business in particular, determined that we would not pay a cash dividend in respect of our common stock for the foreseeable future. Payment of any cash dividends in the future will be at the discretion of our board and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital and legal requirements, and other factors deemed relevant by the board.
Certain provisions of our amended and restated certificate of formation, or other governing documents and agreements that currently exist or could exist in the future, may make it difficult for a third party to acquire us in the future or may adversely impact your ability to obtain a premium in connection with a future change of control transaction.
Our amended and restated certificate of formation contains provisions that require the approval of holders of 80% of our issued and outstanding shares before we may merge or consolidate with or into another corporation or entity or sell all, or substantially all, of our assets to another corporation or entity. Additionally, if we increase the size of our board to nine directors, we could, by resolution of the Board of Directors, stagger the directors’ terms, and our directors could not be removed without approval of holders of 80% of our issued and outstanding shares. These provisions could discourage or impede a tender offer, proxy contest or other similar transaction involving control of us.
In addition, our Board of Directors has the right to issue preferred stock upon such terms and conditions as it deems to be in our best interest. The terms of such preferred stock may adversely impact the dividend and liquidation rights of our common shareholders without the approval of our common shareholders.
We may be subject to liability claims that are not covered by our insurance.
Our business is subject to the general risks inherent in land-based seismic data acquisition activities. Our activities are often conducted in remote areas under dangerous conditions, including the detonation of dynamite. These operations are subject to risk of injury to personnel and damage to equipment. Our crews are mobile, and equipment and personnel are subject to vehicular accidents. These risks could cause us to experience equipment losses, injuries to our personnel, and interruptions in our business.
In addition, we could be subject to personal injury or real property damage claims in the normal operation of our business. Such claims may not be covered under the indemnification provisions contained in our general service agreements to the extent that the damage is due to our negligence or intentional misconduct.
Our general service agreements require us to have specific amounts of insurance. However, we do not carry insurance against certain risks that could cause losses, including business interruption resulting from equipment maintenance or weather delays. Further, there can be no assurance, however, that any insurance obtained by us will be adequate to cover all losses or liabilities or that this insurance will continue to be available or available on terms which are
acceptable to us. Liabilities for which we are not insured, or which exceed the policy limits of our applicable insurance, could have a materially adverse effect on us.
We may be held liable for the actions of our subcontractors.
We often work as the general contractor on seismic data acquisition surveys and, consequently, engage a number of subcontractors to perform services and provide products. While we obtain contractual indemnification and insurance covering the acts of these subcontractors and require the subcontractors to obtain insurance for our benefit, we could be held liable for the actions of these subcontractors. In addition, subcontractors may cause injury to our personnel or damage to our property that is not fully covered by insurance.
We operate under hazardous conditions that subject us to risk of damage to property or personnel injuries and may interrupt our business.
Our business is subject to the general risks inherent in land-based seismic data acquisition activities. Our activities are often conducted in remote areas under extreme weather and other dangerous conditions, including the use of dynamite as an energy source. These operations are subject to risk of injury to our personnel and third parties and damage to our equipment and improvements in the areas in which we operate. In addition, our crews often operate in areas where the risk of wildfires is present and may be increased by our activities. Since our crews are mobile, equipment and personnel are subject to vehicular accidents. We use diesel fuel which is classified by the U.S. Department of Transportation as a hazardous material. These risks could cause us to experience equipment losses, injuries to our personnel and interruptions in our business. Delays due to operational disruptions such as equipment losses, personnel injuries and business interruptions could adversely affect our profitability and results of operations.
Loss of our information and computer systems could adversely affect our business.
We are heavily dependent on our information systems and computer-based programs, including our seismic information, electronic data processing and accounting data. If any of such programs or systems were to fail or create erroneous information in our hardware or software network infrastructure, or if we were subject to cyberspace breaches or attacks, possible consequences include our loss of communication links, loss of seismic data and inability to automatically process commercial transactions or engage in similar automated or computerized business activities. Any such consequence could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Our business could be negatively impacted by security threats, including cyber-security threats and other disruptions.
We face various security threats, including cyber-security threats to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or to render data or systems unusable, threats to the safety of our employees, threats to the security of our facilities and infrastructure, and threats from terrorist acts. Cyber-security attacks in particular are evolving and include, but are not limited to, malicious software, attempts to gain unauthorized access to data and other electronic security breaches that could lead to disruptions in critical systems, unauthorized release of confidential or otherwise protected information and corruption of data. Although we utilize various procedures and controls to monitor and protect against these threats and to mitigate our exposure to such threats, there can be no assurance that these procedures and controls will be sufficient in preventing security threats from materializing. If any of these events were to materialize, they could lead to losses of sensitive information, critical infrastructure, personnel or capabilities essential to our operations and could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Our business is subject to government regulation, which may adversely affect our future operations.
Our operations are subject to a variety of federal, state, provincial and local laws and regulations, including laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and archeological sites and those that may result from climate change legislation or executive orders that could negatively impact the exploration and production of oil and gas, including the recent executive order from the new U.S. presidential administration pausing any new oil and gas auctions on federal land and water and potential related or similar executive orders or legislation. Canadian operations have been historically cyclical due to governmental restrictions on seismic acquisition during certain periods. As a result, there is a risk that there will be a significant amount of unused equipment during those periods. We are required to expend financial and managerial resources to comply with such laws and related permit requirements in our operations, and we anticipate that we will continue to be required to do so in the future. Although such expenditures historically have not been material to us, the fact that such laws or regulations change frequently makes it impossible for us to predict the cost or impact of such laws
and regulations on our future operations. The adoption of laws and regulations that have the effect of reducing or curtailing exploration and development activities by energy companies could also adversely affect our operations by reducing the demand for our services.
Current and future legislation or regulation relating to climate change could negatively affect the exploration and production of oil and gas and adversely affect demand for our services.
In response to concerns suggesting that emissions of certain gases, commonly referred to as “greenhouse gases” (“GHG”) (including carbon dioxide and methane), may be contributing to global climate change, legislative and regulatory measures to address the concerns are in various phases of discussion or implementation at the national and state levels. Many states, either individually or through multi-state regional initiatives, have already taken legal measures intended to reduce GHG emissions, primarily through the planned development of GHG emission inventories and/or GHG cap and trade programs. Although various climate change legislative measures have periodically been introduced in the U.S. Congress, and there has been a wide-ranging policy debate both in the United States and internationally regarding the impact of these gases and possible means for their regulation, it is not possible at this time to predict whether or when Congress may act on climate change legislation. However, future actions that require substantial reductions in carbon emissions could be costly and difficult to implement.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (the “EPA”) has promulgated a series of regulations that require monitoring and reporting of GHG emissions on an annual basis, including extensive GHG monitoring and reporting requirements. While these rules do not control GHG emission levels from any facilities, they can cause covered facilities to incur monitoring and reporting costs. Moreover, lawsuits have been filed seeking to require individual companies to reduce GHG emissions from their operations. These and other lawsuits relating to GHG emissions may result in decisions by state and federal courts and agencies that could impact our operations.
In addition, the United States was actively involved in the United Nations Conference on Climate Change in Paris, which led to the creation of the Paris Agreement. In April 2016, the United States signed the Paris Agreement, which requires countries to review and “represent a progression” in their nationally determined contributions, which set emissions reduction goals, every five years. In November 2019, the State Department formally informed the United Nations of the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. In February 2021, the State Department formally informed the United Nations of the United States’ intent to rejoin the Paris Agreement which formally starts the 30-day process of bringing the United States back into the accord. Additional legislation or regulation by states and regions, the EPA, and/or any international agreements to which the United States may become a party that control or limit GHG emissions or otherwise seek to address climate change could adversely affect our operations.
The increasing governmental focus on GHG emissions may result in new environmental laws or regulations that may negatively affect us, our suppliers and our clients. This could cause us to incur additional direct costs in complying with any new environmental regulations, as well as increased indirect costs resulting from our clients, suppliers or both incurring additional compliance costs that get passed on to us. Moreover, passage of climate change legislation, other federal or state legislative or regulatory initiatives, or international agreements that regulate or restrict emissions of GHG may curtail production and demand for fossil fuels such as oil and gas in areas where our clients operate and, thus, adversely affect future demand for our services. Reductions in our revenues or increases in our expenses as a result of climate control initiatives could have adverse effects on our business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
New regulation or legislation that limits or prohibits hydraulic fracturing could negatively affect the exploration and production of oil and gas and adversely affect demand for our services.
Hydraulic fracturing is an important and commonly used process in the completion of oil and gas wells. Hydraulic fracturing involves the injection of water, sand and chemical additives under pressure into rock formations to stimulate gas production. Several political and regulatory authorities and governmental bodies have studied hydraulic fracturing and considered potential regulations, and certain environmental and other groups have devoted resources to campaigns aimed at restricting or eradicating hydraulic fracturing.
Due to public concerns raised regarding potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on groundwater quality, legislative and regulatory efforts at the federal level and in some states have been initiated to require or make more stringent the permitting and compliance requirements for hydraulic fracturing operations. For example, EPA issued a final report in
December 2016, concluding that hydraulic fracturing activities have the potential to impact drinking water resources, particularly when involving water withdrawals, spills, fracturing into wells with inadequate mechanical integrity, fracturing directly into such resources, underground migration of liquids and gases, and inadequate treatment, disposal, storage and discharge of wastewater. The final report also listed the data gaps and uncertainties that limited the EPA’s ability to fully assess the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources. The EPA has asserted federal regulatory authority over hydraulic fracturing using fluids that contain “diesel fuel” under the Safe Drinking Water Act (“SDWA”) Underground Injection Control Program and has released a revised guidance regarding the process for obtaining a permit for hydraulic fracturing involving diesel fuel. In May 2014, the EPA issued an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, seeking comment on the development of regulations under the Toxic Substances Control Act to require companies to disclose information regarding the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing. The EPA has not yet finalized this rule. In June 2016, the EPA published final pretreatment standards for disposal of wastewater produced from shale gas operations to publicly owned treatment works. These regulatory initiatives could each spur further action toward federal and/or state legislation and regulation of hydraulic fracturing activities. Certain states have also adopted or are considering disclosure legislation and/or regulations. Additional regulation could materially reduce our business opportunities and revenues if our customers decrease their levels of activity in response to such regulation.
Some parties also believe that there is a correlation between hydraulic fracturing and other oilfield related activities and the increased occurrence of seismic activity. When caused by human activity, such seismic activity is called induced seismicity. The extent of this correlation, if any, is the subject of studies of both state and federal agencies. In addition, a number of lawsuits have been filed against other industry participants alleging damages and regulatory violations in connection with such activity. These and other ongoing or proposed studies could spur initiatives to further regulate hydraulic fracturing under the SDWA and other aspects of the oil and gas industry. In light of concerns about induced seismicity, some state regulatory agencies have already modified their regulations or issued orders to address induced seismicity.
The adoption of any future federal, state, foreign, regional or local laws that impact permitting requirements for, result in reporting obligations on, or otherwise limit or ban, the hydraulic fracturing process could make it more difficult to perform hydraulic fracturing. This could reduce demand for our services. Regulation that significantly restricts or prohibits hydraulic fracturing, or that requires hydraulic fracturing operations to meet permitting and financial assurance requirements, adhere to certain construction specifications, fulfill monitoring, reporting, and recordkeeping obligations, and meet plugging and abandonment requirements, could have a material adverse impact on our business. Additionally, legislation that requires the reporting and public disclosure of chemicals used in the fracturing process could make it easier for third parties opposing the hydraulic fracturing process to initiate legal proceedings based on allegations that specific chemicals used in the fracturing process could adversely affect groundwater.
These legislative and regulatory initiatives imposing additional reporting obligations on, or otherwise limiting, the hydraulic fracturing process could make it more difficult or costly to complete natural gas wells. Shale gas cannot be economically produced without extensive fracturing. In the event such legislation is enacted, demand for our seismic acquisition services may be adversely affected.
Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
Item 2. PROPERTIES
Our headquarters are located in a 34,570 square foot leased property in Midland, Texas. We have two properties in Midland that we own, including a 61,402 square foot property we use as a field office, equipment and fabrication facility, and maintenance and repair shop, along with a 6,600 square foot property that we use as an inventory field office and storage facility.
We also have additional offices in two other cities in Texas: Houston and Plano. Our Houston sales office is in an 8,161 square foot facility. Our office in Plano, Texas consists of 7,797 square feet of office space.
We lease an 1,801 square foot facility in Denver, Colorado. We also lease a 7,480 square foot facility in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma as a sales office.
We lease a 15,020 square foot facility in Calgary, Alberta consisting of office, warehouse and shop space.
We believe that our existing facilities are being appropriately utilized in line with past experience and are well maintained, suitable for their intended use, and adequate to meet our current and future operating requirements.
Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
For a discussion of certain contingencies and legal proceedings affecting the Company, please refer to “Note 16, Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements incorporated by reference herein.
Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Item 5. MARKET FOR OUR COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
Our common stock trades on the NASDAQ under the symbol “DWSN.” The table below represents the high and low sales prices per share for the periods shown.
Three Months Ended
March 29, 2019
June 28, 2019
September 30, 2019
December 30, 2019
March 31, 2020
June 30, 2020
September 30, 2020
December 30, 2020
As of March 11, 2020, the market price for our common stock was $2.75 per share, and we had 106 common stockholders of record, as reported by our transfer agent.
No dividends were paid in 2020 or 2019. While there are currently no restrictions prohibiting us from paying dividends to our shareholders, our Board of Directors, after consideration of economic and market conditions affecting the energy industry in general, and the oilfield services business in particular, determined that we would not pay a dividend in respect of our common stock for the foreseeable future. Payment of any dividends in the future will be at the discretion of our board and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital and legal requirements, and other factors deemed relevant by the board.
The following table summarizes certain information regarding securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2020. See information and definitions regarding material features of the plans in “Note 8, Stock-Based Compensation” to the Consolidated Financial Statements incorporated by reference herein.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
Securities to be
Number of Securities
for Future Issuance
Under the Equity
Equity compensation plan approved by security holders
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
|(1)||Restricted stock unit awards have no exercise price.|
Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Portions of this document that are not statements of historical or current fact are forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainties, such as statements of our plans, business strategy, objectives, expectations and intentions. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Please see “Business,” “Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” elsewhere in this Form 10-K.
You should read this discussion in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this Item 7 to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to Dawson Geophysical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.
We are a leading provider of North American onshore seismic data acquisition services with operations throughout the continental U.S. and Canada. Substantially all of our revenues are derived from the seismic data acquisition services we provide to our clients. Our clients consist of major oil and gas companies, independent oil and gas operators, and providers of multi-client data libraries. In recent years, our primary customer base has consisted of providers of multi-client data libraries. Demand for our services depends upon the level of spending by these companies for exploration, production, development and field management activities, which depends, in a large part, on oil and natural gas prices. Significant fluctuations in domestic oil and natural gas exploration and development activities related to commodity prices, as we have recently experienced, have affected, and will continue to affect, demand for our services and our results of operations, and such fluctuations continue to be the single most important factor affecting our business and results of operations.
During the fourth quarter of 2020, we operated one data acquisition crew with periods of low utilization in the U.S. The one crew was inactive for the latter part of the third quarter and well into the fourth quarter. Based on currently available information, we anticipate operating one crew in the U.S. through the first quarter with likely sustained periods
of downtime and one crew in Canada for the winter season ending at the end of the first quarter of 2021. While visibility remains limited beyond the first quarter, we maintain the ability to deploy additional crews on short notice when market conditions improve. Reflected in both the fourth quarter and year end results is a non-cash impairment of approximately $1.6 million related to a note receivable and bad debt expense.
Fiscal 2020 was a year of unprecedented adversity. We started out the first half of the year with our best financial and operational results in many years. We operated three large channel count crews in the U.S. and up to three crews in the Canada during the first quarter of 2020. We continued profitability in the second quarter with the operation of two large channel count crews. As reported in our second quarter earnings release, we began to experience the dramatic impact of the COVID-19 related economic lockdowns in late spring and early summer. As oil prices began to trade at significantly low levels, Exploration and Production (“E&P”) companies reduced their capital budgets and spending, which in turn, negatively impacted demand for our services. As a result, crew deployment lessened and utilization of our existing channels dropped. Utilization levels went from strong and promising in the first half of the year to weak for periods of time in the second half of the year.
Even though we have seen some gradual uptick in oil prices, current requests for proposals for our services in both the U.S. and Canada remain challenged. We are beginning to see signs of modest recovery in the oilfield service space as the oil and gas industry has experienced slight economic improvements in the number of active drilling rigs and hydraulic fracturing crews deployed in the U.S.
On a different note, the decrease in overall activity and financial difficulties led to an increase in merger and acquisition (“M&A”) activity as some E&P companies have chosen to consolidate with others. At this time, we are unable to forecast the impact that this activity will have on the demand for our services as E&P companies re-evaluate their capital spending projects. However, this recent M&A activity indicates E&P companies will continue their focus on shareholder returns and disciplined capital spending as they seek to develop and produce oil and natural gas with increased efficiency by prioritizing their most economic drilling locations. This need for increased efficiencies promotes demand for seismic data acquisition and the services we provide. As in the most recent down cycles, we anticipate recovery in seismic data acquisition to somewhat lag behind increases in drilling and completion activities. The overall effect of the current administration’s order to pause oil and gas leasing and issuance of new drilling permits on federal lands will have on us is yet to be determined, however, we anticipate activity among E&P companies to be cautious in many of the Western States such as New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming.
In response to these difficult conditions, we are maintaining our focus on cost saving measures while balancing the ability to respond rapidly when market conditions improve. In addition, we remain fully committed to our longstanding focus on the health and safety of our employees, vendors and clients, the environment (both public and private), compliance with corporate governance policies, transparency in SEC reporting and requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. As previously reported in our third quarter 2020 earnings press release, we have taken steps to outsource several ancillary services. These steps, including permitting and surveying, have resulted in reduced salary costs and lower general and administrative expenses. Moreover, as previously reported in our second quarter 2020 earnings press release, we anticipate approximately $4.3 million in annual cost savings as a result of previously enacted cost saving measures.
Despite the setbacks thrust upon us by the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, we are determined to press forward and deliver the highest quality services for our clients. Our state-of-the-art equipment inventory, our strong and unleveraged balance sheet and our dedicated work force positions us for a healthy recovery when market conditions improve. As mentioned above, conditions are difficult and will remain so for the near-term pending continued improvement and stabilization in oil prices, but we are confident in the future and that we are properly focused on upcoming opportunities.
While our revenues are mainly affected by the level of client demand for our services, our revenues are also affected by the pricing for our services that we negotiate with our clients and the productivity and utilization level of our data acquisition crews. Factors impacting productivity and utilization levels include client demand, commodity prices, whether we enter into turnkey or dayrate contracts with our clients, the number and size of crews, the number of recording channels per crew, crew downtime related to inclement weather, delays in acquiring land access permits, agricultural or hunting activity, holiday schedules, short winter days, crew repositioning and equipment failure. To the extent we experience these factors, our operating results may be affected from quarter to quarter. Consequently, our efforts to negotiate more favorable contract terms in our supplemental service agreements, mitigate permit access delays and improve overall crew productivity may contribute to growth in our revenues.
The majority of our revenues were derived from turnkey contracts for the years ending December 31, 2020 and 2019. While turnkey contracts allow us to capitalize on improved crew productivity, we also bear more risks related to weather and crew downtime. We expect the majority of our contracts to be turnkey as we continue our operations in the mid-continent, western and southwestern regions of the U.S. in which turnkey contracts are more common.
Over time, we have experienced continued increases in recording channel capacity on a per-crew or project basis and high utilization of cableless and multicomponent equipment. This increase in channel count demand is driven by client needs and is necessary in order to produce higher resolution images, increase crew efficiencies and undertake larger scale projects. In response to project-based channel requirements, we routinely deploy a variable number of channels on a variable number of crews in an effort to maximize asset utilization and meet client needs.
While the markets for oil and natural gas have been very volatile and are likely to continue to be so in the future, and we can make no assurances as to future levels of domestic exploration or commodity prices, we believe opportunities exist for us to enhance our market position by responding to our clients’ continuing desire for higher resolution subsurface images. If economic conditions continue to weaken such that our clients continue to reduce their capital expenditures or if the sustained drop in oil and natural gas prices worsens, it could continue to result in diminished demand for our seismic services, could cause downward pressure on the prices we charge and would affect our results of operations.
Results of Operations
Year Ended December 31, 2020 versus Year Ended December 31, 2019
Operating Revenues. Operating revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 were $86,100,000 compared to $145,773,000 for the same period of 2019. The decrease in revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the same period of 2019 was primarily a result of decreased equipment and crew utilization.
Operating Expenses. Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased to $68,998,000 compared to $123,024,000 for the same period of 2019. The decrease in operating expenses was mainly due to an overall decrease in crew production and utilization.
General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses were 16.2% of revenues in the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 11.8% of revenues in the same period of 2019 primarily due to a decrease in operating revenues discussed above. General and administrative expenses decreased to $13,920,000 during the year ended December 31, 2020 from $17,169,000 during the same period of 2019. The primary factors for the decrease in general and administrative expenses are related to continued cost cutting strategies implemented by the Company.
Depreciation Expense. Depreciation for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $17,174,000 compared to $21,826,000 for the same period of 2019. The decrease in depreciation expense is a result of limiting capital expenditures to necessary maintenance capital requirements in recent years. Our depreciation expense is expected to remain flat or decline slightly during 2021 primarily due to limited capital expenditures to maintain our existing asset base.
Our total operating costs for the year ended December 31, 2020 were $100,092,000, representing a 38.2% decrease from the corresponding period of 2019. This change was primarily due to the factors described above.
Income Taxes. Income tax expense was $24,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to income tax benefit of $239,000 for the same period of 2019. The effective tax expense/benefit rates for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were approximately -0.2% and 1.5%, respectively. Our effective tax rate decreased compared to the corresponding period from the prior year primarily due to state income taxes. Our effective tax rates differ from the statutory federal rate of 21% for certain items such as state and local taxes, valuation allowances, non-deductible expenses and discrete items.
Use of EBITDA (Non-GAAP measure)
We define EBITDA as net income (loss) plus interest expense, interest income, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization expense. Our management uses EBITDA as a supplemental financial measure to assess:
|●||the financial performance of our assets without regard to financing methods, capital structures, taxes or historical cost basis;|
|●||our liquidity and operating performance over time in relation to other companies that own similar assets and that we believe calculate EBITDA in a similar manner; and|
|●||the ability of our assets to generate cash sufficient for us to pay potential interest costs.|
We also understand that such data are used by investors to assess our performance. However, the term EBITDA is not defined under generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), and EBITDA is not a measure of operating income, operating performance or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. When assessing our operating performance or liquidity, investors and others should not consider this data in isolation or as a substitute for net income (loss), cash flow from operating activities or other cash flow data calculated in accordance with GAAP. In addition, our EBITDA may not be comparable to EBITDA or similarly titled measures utilized by other companies since such other companies may not calculate EBITDA in the same manner as us. Further, the results presented by EBITDA cannot be achieved without incurring the costs that the measure excludes: interest, taxes, and depreciation and amortization.
The reconciliation of our EBITDA to our net loss and net cash provided by operating activities, which are the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, are provided in the following tables (in thousands):
Year Ended December 31,
Depreciation and amortization
Interest (income) expense, net
Income tax expense (benefit)
Year Ended December 31,
Net cash provided by operating activities
Changes in working capital and other items
Non-cash adjustments to net loss
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Introduction. Our principal sources of cash are amounts earned from the seismic data acquisition services we provide to our clients. Our principal uses of cash are the amounts used to provide these services, including expenses related to our operations and acquiring new equipment. Accordingly, our cash position depends (as do our revenues) on the level of demand for our services. Historically, cash generated from our operations along with cash reserves and borrowings from commercial banks have been sufficient to fund our working capital requirements and, to some extent, our capital expenditures.
Cash Flows. The following table shows our sources and uses of cash (in thousands) for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
Year Ended December 31,
Net cash provided by (used in)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
Net change in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
Year Ended December 31, 2020 versus Year Ended December 31, 2019
Net cash provided by operating activities was $19,641,000 and $9,480,000 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to a decrease in our operating level of accounts receivable as of December 31, 2020.
Net cash used in investing activities was $512,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 and includes $1,767,000 of proceeds from maturities of short-term investments that were not reinvested offset by cash capital expenditures of $2,847,000. Net cash provided by investing activities was $4,185,000 for the year ended December 31, 2019 and includes $8,233,000 of proceeds from maturities of short-term investments that were not reinvested offset by cash capital expenditures of $4,396,000.
Net cash used in financing activities was $4,534,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 and includes principal payments of $2,138,000 on our notes and $2,326,000 on our finance leases and outflows of $70,000 associated with taxes related to stock vesting. Additionally, during the second quarter of 2020, we received proceeds from a promissory note with Dominion Bank of $6,374,000 related to an unsecured loan under the Paycheck Protection Program and repaid such loan in its entirety shortly after we received the proceeds. Net cash used in financing activities was $11,256,000 for the year ended December 31, 2019 and includes principal payments of $8,165,000 on our notes and $2,855,000 on our finance leases and outflows of $236,000 associated with taxes related to stock vesting.
We continually strive to supply our clients with technologically advanced 3-D data acquisition recording services and data processing capabilities. We maintain equipment in and out of service in anticipation of increased future demand for our services.
Capital Resources. Historically, we have primarily relied on cash generated from operations, cash reserves and borrowings from commercial banks to fund our working capital requirements and, to some extent, our capital expenditures. Recently, we have funded some of our capital expenditures through finance leases and equipment term loans. From time to time in the past, we have also funded our capital expenditures and other financing needs through public equity offerings.
Dominion Loan Agreement. On September 30, 2019, we entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with Dominion Bank. On September 30, 2020, we entered into a Loan Modification Agreement to the Loan and Security Agreement (as amended by the Loan Modification Agreement, the “Loan Agreement”) for the purpose of amending and extending the maturity of our line of credit with Dominion Bank by one year. The Loan Agreement provides for a Revolving Credit Facility in an amount up to the lesser of (i) $15,000,000 or (ii) a sum equal to (a) 80% of our eligible accounts receivable plus 100% of the amount on deposit with Dominion Bank in our collateral account, consisting of a restricted CDARS account of $5,000,000 (the “Deposit”). As of December 31, 2020, we have not borrowed any amounts under the Revolving Credit Facility.
Under the Revolving Credit Facility, interest will accrue at an annual rate equal to the lesser of (i) 6.00% and (ii) the greater of (a) the prime rate as published from time to time in The Wall Street Journal or (b) 3.50%. We will pay a commitment fee of 0.10% per annum on the difference of (a) $15,000,000 minus the Deposit minus (b) the daily average usage of the Revolving Credit Facility. The Loan Agreement contains customary covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations on disposition of assets. We are also obligated to meet certain financial covenants under the Loan Agreement, including maintaining a tangible net worth of $75,000,000 and specified ratios with respect to current assets and liabilities and debt to tangible net worth. Our obligations under the Loan Agreement are secured by a security interest
in the collateral account (including the Deposit) with Dominion Bank and future accounts receivable and related collateral. The maturity date of the Loan Agreement is September 30, 2021.
We do not currently have any notes payable under the Revolving Credit Facility.
Dominion Letters of Credit. As of December 31, 2020, Dominion Bank has issued one letter of credit in the amount of $583,000 to support our workers compensation insurance. The letter of credit is secured by a certificate of deposit with Dominion Bank.
Other Indebtedness. As of December 31, 2020, we have one note payable to a finance company for various insurance premiums totaling $40,000.
In addition, we lease certain seismic recording equipment and vehicles under leases classified as finance leases. Our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020 includes finance leases of $98,000.
Contractual Obligations. We believe that our capital resources, including our short-term investments, cash flow from operations, and funds available under our Revolving Credit Facility, will be adequate to meet our current operational needs. We believe that we will be able to finance our 2021 capital expenditures through cash flow from operations, borrowings from commercial lenders, and the funds available under our Revolving Credit Facility. However, our ability to satisfy working capital requirements, meet debt repayment obligations, and fund future capital requirements will depend principally upon our future operating performance, which is subject to the risks inherent in our business, and will also depend on the extent to which the current economic climate adversely affects the ability of our customers, and/or potential customers, to promptly pay amounts owing to us under their service contracts with us.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of December 31, 2020, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires that certain assumptions and estimates be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of our financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Because of the use of assumptions and estimates inherent in the reporting process, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (“Topic 326”): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, requiring entities to measure expected credit losses for certain financial assets using a new, forward-looking current expected credit loss model (“CECL”) which will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses. CECL is based on historical experience, adjusted for current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This ASU requires a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings for additional loss allowances, if any, as of the beginning of the first reporting period of adoption. Additional ASU’s were issued subsequently that provided additional guidance.
On January 1, 2020, we adopted Topic 326 and had no cumulative-effect adjustment needed to our retained earnings as our loss allowance was deemed sufficient. Our financial instruments within the scope of this guidance primarily includes trade receivables and a note receivable. We have made an accounting policy election to write off accrued interest amounts by reversing interest income.
Our allowance for doubtful accounts reflects our current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the financial instrument and is determined based on a number of factors. We prepare our allowance for doubtful accounts receivable based on our review of past-due accounts, our past experience of historical write-offs, our current client base, when customer accounts exceed 90 days past due and specific customer account reviews. While the collectability of outstanding client invoices is continually assessed, the inherent volatility of the energy industry’s business cycle can cause swift and unpredictable changes in the financial stability of our clients. Our allowance for doubtful accounts was $250,000 at December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets. We review long-lived assets for impairment when triggering events occur suggesting deterioration in the assets’ recoverability or fair value. Recognition of an impairment charge is required if future expected undiscounted net cash flows are insufficient to recover the carrying value of the assets, and the fair value of the assets is below the carrying value of the assets. Our forecast of future cash flows used to perform impairment analysis includes estimates of future revenues and expenses based on our anticipated future results while considering anticipated future oil and gas prices, which is fundamental in assessing demand for our services. If the carrying amounts of the assets exceed the estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, we measure the amount of possible impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset to its fair value. No impairment charges were recognized for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Leases. We lease certain vehicles, seismic recording equipment, real property and office equipment under lease agreements. We evaluate each lease to determine its appropriate classification as an operating lease or finance lease for financial reporting purposes. We are the lessee in a lease contract when we obtain the right to control the asset. The majority of our operating leases are non-cancelable operating leases for office, shop and warehouse space in Midland, Plano, Houston, Denver, Oklahoma City and Calgary, Alberta.
The assets and liabilities under finance leases are recorded at the lower of the present value of the minimum lease payments or the fair market value of the related assets. Assets under finance leases are amortized using the straight-line method over the initial lease term. Amortization of assets under finance leases is included in depreciation expense.
For operating leases, where readily determinable, we use the implicit interest rate in determining the present value of future minimum lease payments. In the absence of an implicit rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date. We give consideration to our outstanding debt, as well as publicly available data for instruments with similar characteristics when calculating our incremental borrowing rates. The ROU assets are amortized to operating lease cost over the lease terms on a straight-line basis. We do not recognize leases with an initial term of 12 months or less and we do not separate lease and non-lease components.
Several of our leases include options to renew, with renewal terms that can extend from one to 10 years or more. The exercise of lease renewal options is primarily at our discretion. To measure operating lease recognition, we evaluate our lease agreements to determine if they have economic incentives for renewal or options to purchase. We deem leasehold improvements as one of the few economic incentives that would entice us to renew a lease and all of our leasehold improvements are currently fully amortized.
Revenue Recognition. Our services are provided under cancelable service contracts which usually have an original expected duration of one year or less. These contracts are either “turnkey” or “term” agreements. Under both types of agreements, we recognize revenue as the services are performed. Revenue is generally recognized based on square miles of data recorded compared to total square miles anticipated to be recorded on the survey using the total estimated revenue for the service contract. In the case of a cancelled service contract, the client is billed and revenue is recognized for any third party charges and square miles of data recorded up to the date of cancellation.
We also receive reimbursements for certain out-of-pocket expenses under the terms of the service contracts. The amounts billed to clients are included at their gross amount in the total estimated revenue for the service contract.
Clients are billed as permitted by the service contract. Contract assets and contract liabilities are the result of timing differences between revenue recognition, billings and cash collections. If billing occurs prior to the revenue recognition or billing exceeds the revenue recognized, the amount is considered deferred revenue and a contract liability. Conversely, if the revenue recognition exceeds the billing, the excess is considered an unbilled receivable and a contract asset. As services are performed, those contract liabilities and contract assets are recognized as revenue and expense, respectively.
In some instances, third-party permitting, surveying, drilling, helicopter, equipment rental and mobilization costs that directly relate to the contract are utilized to fulfill the contract obligations. These fulfillment costs are capitalized in other current assets and amortized based on the total square miles of data recorded compared to total square miles anticipated to be recorded on the survey using the total estimated fulfillment costs for the service contract.
Estimates for total revenue and total fulfillment cost on any service contract are based on significant qualitative and quantitative judgments. Management considers a variety of factors such as whether various components of the
performance obligation will be performed internally or externally, cost of third party services, and facts and circumstances unique to the performance obligation in making these estimates.
Additionally, our policy includes (i) ignoring the financing component when estimating the transaction price for service contracts completed within one year, (ii) excluding sales tax collected from the customer when determining the transaction price, and (iii) expensing incremental costs to obtain a customer contract if the amortization period for those costs would otherwise be one year or less.
Income Taxes. We account for income taxes by recognizing amounts of taxes payable or refundable for the current year, and by using an asset and liability approach in recognizing the amount of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. We determine deferred taxes by identifying the types and amounts of existing temporary differences, measuring the total deferred tax asset or liability using the applicable tax rate in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of a change in tax rates of deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the year of an enacted rate change. The deferred tax asset is reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Our methodology for recording income taxes requires judgment regarding assumptions and the use of estimates, including determining our annual effective tax rate and the valuation of deferred tax assets, which can create a variance between actual results and estimates and could have a material impact on our provision or benefit for income taxes. Due to recent operating losses and valuation allowances, we may recognize reduced or no tax benefits on future losses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. Our effective tax rates differ from the statutory federal rate of 21% for certain items such as state and local taxes, valuation allowances, non-deductible expenses and discrete items.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-10, Codification Improvements, which clarifies the Codification or corrects unintended application of guidance by improving the consistency of the codification for disclosure on multiple topics. They are not expected to change current practice. This ASU is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within that annual period and should be applied on a retrospective basis for all periods presented. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently implementing the new guidance and it will not have a material impact on our 2021 consolidated financial statements.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (“Topic 740”): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and by clarifying and amending existing guidance to improve consistent application. This ASU is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within that annual period. Certain amendments within this ASU are required to be applied on a retrospective basis for all periods presented; others are to be applied using a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings, if any, as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is adopted; and yet others are to be applied using either basis. All other amendments not specified in the ASU should be applied on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. An entity that elects to early adopt in an interim period should reflect any adjustments as of the beginning of the annual period that includes that interim period. Additionally, an entity that elects early adoption must adopt all the amendments in the same period. We are currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact it will have on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurement by removing, modifying and adding certain disclosures. This ASU is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that annual period. We adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2020 and it did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We are exposed to certain market risks arising from the use of financial instruments in the ordinary course of business. These risks arise primarily as a result of potential changes to operating concentration of credit risk and changes in interest rates. We have not entered into any hedge arrangements, commodity swap agreements, commodity futures,
options or other derivative financial instruments. We also conduct business in Canada, which subjects our results of operations and cash flows to foreign currency exchange rate risk.
Concentration of Credit Risk. Our principal market risks include fluctuations in commodity prices, which affect demand for and pricing of our services, and the risk related to the concentration of our clients in the oil and natural gas industry. Since all of our clients are involved in the oil and natural gas industry, there may be a positive or negative effect on our exposure to credit risk because our clients may be similarly affected by changes in economic and industry conditions. As an example, changes to existing regulations or the adoption of new regulations may unfavorably impact us, our suppliers or our clients. In the normal course of business, we provide credit terms to our clients. Accordingly, we perform ongoing credit evaluations of our clients and maintain allowances for possible losses. Our historical experience supports our allowance for doubtful accounts of $250,000 at December 31, 2020. This does not necessarily indicate that it would be adequate to cover a payment default by one large or several smaller clients.
We generally provide services to certain key clients that account for a significant percentage of our accounts receivable at any given time. Our key clients vary over time. We extend credit to various companies in the oil and natural gas industry, including our key clients, for the acquisition of seismic data, which results in a concentration of credit risk. This concentration of credit risk may be affected by changes in the economic or other conditions of our key clients and may accordingly impact our overall credit risk. If any of these significant clients were to terminate their contracts or fail to contract for our services in the future because they are acquired, alter their exploration or development strategy, or for any other reason, our results of operations could be affected. Because of the nature of our contracts and clients’ projects, our largest clients can change from year to year, and the largest clients in any year may not be indicative of the largest clients in any subsequent year. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, our three largest clients accounted for approximately 69% of revenue. The remaining balance of our revenue derived from varied clients and none represented more than 10% of revenue.
Interest Rate Risk. From time to time, we are exposed to the impact of interest rate changes on the outstanding indebtedness under our Loan Agreement.
We generally have cash in the bank which exceeds federally insured limits. Historically, we have not experienced any losses in such accounts; however, volatility in financial markets may impact our credit risk on cash and short-term investments. At December 31, 2020, cash, restricted cash and short term investments totaled $46,538,000.
For further information, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”
Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
The information required by this item appears on pages F-1 through F-21 hereof and are incorporated herein by reference.
Item 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
Item 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Management’s Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive, financial and accounting officers, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, and Treasurer concluded that, as of December 31, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective, in all material respects, with regard to the recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, for information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act. Our disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that
information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our President and Chief Executive Officer, and our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, and Treasurer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our President and Chief Executive Officer, and Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, and Treasurer, we evaluated the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 using the criteria set forth in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework). Based on this evaluation, we have concluded that, as of December 31, 2020, our internal control over financial reporting was effective. Our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 has not been audited by RSM US LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm who audited our financial statements as this audit is not required because the company qualifies for smaller reporting company filing status.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended December 31, 2020 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.
Item 9B. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
The information required by Item 10 of Form 10-K is hereby incorporated by reference from the earlier filed of: (i) an amendment to this annual report on Form 10-K or (ii) the Company’s definitive proxy statement which will be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the Company’s year-end for the year covered by this report.
Item 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
The information required by Item 11 of Form 10-K is hereby incorporated by reference from the earlier filed of: (i) an amendment to this annual report on Form 10-K or (ii) the Company’s definitive proxy statement which will be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the Company’s year-end for the year covered by this report.
Item 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
The information required with respect to our equity compensation plans is set forth in Item 5 of this Form 10-K. Other information required by Item 12 of Form 10-K is hereby incorporated by reference from the earlier filed of: (i) an amendment to this annual report on Form 10-K or (ii) the Company’s definitive proxy statement which will be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the Company’s year-end for the year covered by this report.
Item 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
The information required by Item 13 of Form 10-K is hereby incorporated by reference from the earlier filed of: (i) an amendment to this annual report on Form 10-K or (ii) the Company’s definitive proxy statement which will be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the Company’s year-end for the year covered by this report.
Item 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
The information required by Item 14 of Form 10-K is hereby incorporated by reference from the earlier filed of: (i) an amendment to this annual report on Form 10-K or (ii) the Company’s definitive proxy statement, which will be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the Company’s year-end for the year covered by this report.
Item 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
The following documents are filed as part of this report:
The following consolidated financial statements of the Company appear on pages F-1 through F-21 and are incorporated by reference into Part II, Item 8:
Financial Statement Schedules.
All schedules are omitted because they are either not applicable or the required information is shown in the financial statements or notes thereto.
The information required by this item 15(a)(3) is set forth in the Index to Exhibits accompanying this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is hereby incorporated by reference.
INDEX TO EXHIBITS
Amended and Restated Certificate of Formation, as amended February 11, 2015, filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on March 16, 2015, and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Indemnification Agreement entered with directors and executive officers, filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 9, 2014, and incorporated herein by reference.
Employment Agreement, dated October 8, 2014, by and between the Registrant and Stephen C. Jumper, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 9, 2014, and incorporated herein by reference.
Employment Agreement, dated October 8, 2014, by and between the Registrant and Wayne A. Whitener, filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 9, 2014, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated June 30, 2019, between Wayne A. Whitener and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on July 1, 2019, and incorporated herein by reference.
Employment Agreement, dated October 8, 2014, by and between the Registrant and C. Ray Tobias, filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 9, 2014, and incorporated herein by reference.
Employment Agreement, dated October 8, 2014, by and between the Registrant and James K. Brata, filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 9, 2014, and incorporated herein by reference.
Employment Agreement, dated October 8, 2014, by and between the Registrant and James W. Thomas, filed as Exhibit 10.8 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 9, 2014, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated February 15, 2016, by and between James K. Brata and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 19, 2016, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated February 15, 2016, by and between Stephen C. Jumper and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-32472), filed on February 19, 2016, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated February 15, 2016, by and between James W. Thomas and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 19, 2016, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated February 15, 2016, by and between C. Ray Tobias and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 19, 2016, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated February 15, 2016, by and between Wayne A. Whitener and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 19, 2016, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated May 4, 2018, by and between James K. Brata and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 4, 2018, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated May 4, 2018, by and between Stephen C. Jumper and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 4, 2018, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated May 4, 2018, by and between James W. Thomas and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 4, 2018, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated May 4, 2018, by and between C. Ray Tobias and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 4, 2018, and incorporated herein by reference.
Amended and Restated Dawson Geophysical Company 2006 Stock and Performance Incentive Plan (the “Legacy Dawson Plan”), filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 11, 2015, and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Restricted Stock Agreement for the Legacy Dawson Plan, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on December 11, 2013 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement for the Legacy Dawson Plan, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on December 11, 2013 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Stock Option Agreement for the Legacy Dawson Plan, filed as Exhibit 10.4 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, filed on February 11, 2008 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Stock Option Agreement for the Legacy Dawson Plan, filed as Exhibit 10.9 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on December 11, 2013 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Dawson Geophysical 2014 Annual Incentive Plan, filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 25, 2013 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Master Geophysical Data Acquisition Agreement, filed as Exhibit 10.10 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on December 5, 2012 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Form of Supplemental Agreement to Master Geophysical Data Acquisition Agreement, filed as Exhibit 10.11 to Dawson Operating Company’s (f/k/a Dawson Geophysical Company) Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on December 5, 2012 (File No. 001-34404), and incorporated herein by reference.
Amended and Restated 2006 Stock Awards Plan of the Company (formerly known as the TGC Industries, Inc. 2006 Stock Awards Plan, i.e., the Legacy TGC Plan), filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-32472), filed on June 5, 2015, and incorporated herein by reference.
Loan and Security Agreement, by and between Dawson Geophysical Company and Dominion Bank, dated September 30, 2019, filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 1, 2019, and incorporated herein by reference.
Loan Modification Agreement to Loan and Security Agreement, by and between Dawson Geophysical Company and Dominion Bank, dated September 30, 2020, filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 30, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated April 15, 2020, by and between James K. Brata and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 21, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated April 15, 2020, by and between Stephen C. Jumper and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 21, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated April 15, 2020, by and between James W. Thomas and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 21, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated April 15, 2020, by and between C. Ray Tobias and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 21, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.
Letter Agreement, dated September 30, 2020, by and between Stephen C. Jumper and the Company, filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 30, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.
Inline XBRL Instance Document.
Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
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* Filed herewith.
+ Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Midland, and the State of Texas, on the 16h day of March, 2021.
DAWSON GEOPHYSICAL COMPANY
/s/ Stephen C. jumper
Stephen C. Jumper
Chairman of the Board of Directors
President and Chief Executive Officer
Pursuant to the requirements of the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
Stephen C. Jumper
President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors
Craig W. Cooper
Michael L. Klofas
Ted R. North
Mark A. Vander Ploeg
James K. Brata
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, and Treasurer
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Consolidated Financial Statements of Dawson Geophysical Company
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of
Dawson Geophysical Company
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Dawson Geophysical Company (the Company) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, stockholders' equity and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes to the consolidated financial statements (collectively, the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
Critical audit matters are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. We determined that there are no critical audit matters.
/s/ RSM US LLP
We have served as the Company's auditor since 2016.
March 16, 2021
DAWSON GEOPHYSICAL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
Cash and cash equivalents
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $
at December 31, 2020 and 2019
Current maturities of notes receivable
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Total current assets
Property and equipment
Less accumulated depreciation
Property and equipment, net
Notes receivable, net of current maturities
Long-term deferred tax assets, net
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Payroll costs and other taxes
Current maturities of notes payable and finance leases
Current maturities of operating lease liabilities
Total current liabilities
Notes payable and finance leases, net of current maturities
Operating lease liabilities, net of current maturities
Deferred tax liabilities, net
Other accrued liabilities
Total long-term liabilities
Operating commitments and contingencies
Preferred stock-par value $
Common stock-par value $
shares outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively
Additional paid-in capital
Treasury stock, at cost;
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net
Total stockholders’ equity
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
DAWSON GEOPHYSICAL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
Year Ended December 31,
General and administrative
Depreciation and amortization
Loss from operations
Other income (expense):
Other income (expense), net
Loss before income tax
Income tax (expense) benefit:
Other comprehensive income:
Net unrealized income on foreign exchange rate translation, net
Basic loss per share of common stock
Diluted loss per share of common stock
Weighted average equivalent common shares outstanding
Weighted average equivalent common shares outstanding - assuming dilution
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
DAWSON GEOPHYSICAL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
Balance January 1, 2019
Unrealized income on foreign exchange rate translation
Income tax expense
Other comprehensive income
Issuance of common stock under stock compensation plans
Stock-based compensation expense
Issuance of common stock as compensation
Shares exchanged for taxes on stock-based compensation
Balance December 31, 2019
Unrealized income on foreign exchange rate translation
Income tax expense
Other comprehensive income
Issuance of common stock under stock compensation plans
Stock-based compensation expense
Shares exchanged for taxes on stock-based compensation